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The township is located in the southwestern part of Nantou County and belongs to the mountainous area of ​​central Taiwan. Its natural environmental characteristics are described as follows: geographical location, climate, topography, geology, soil, hydrology, flora and fauna, etc.:

  1. the geographical location
        Lugu Township is located in the southwest of Nantou County. It is adjacent to Baibuzixi and Xinyi Township in the east. Daanling and Zhushan Towns are connected to the west and the south side. The area is 141.89 square kilometers. Mountainous, there are Qingshuigou Creek and Beishui River running through it, with an east-west length of 9.7 kilometers and a north-south length of 16.1 kilometers.
  2. the climate
        Lugu Township is located in the mountainous area of ​​central Taiwan. It has a mild temperature throughout the year and belongs to a subtropical climate. It has fog for many years, with an average annual rainfall of 2,600 mm. The annual average temperature is 23 °C. The rainfall is concentrated from June to September. The average annual rainfall days is 140 days, the rainfall is abundant, and there is no shortage of water all year round.
  3. the topography
        The Lugu Township belongs to the junction of the Ali Mountains in the western rushing faults and the foothills of the foothills and the Liuling District of the cutting platform. Therefore, the terrain changes considerably. There are mountains, cutting terraces, river stage hills, hills and rivers. Alluvial land and other terrains, surrounded by mountains on the north and southeast of the territory, the terrain from the beginning of the village from low to high to form a slope, the territory of the mountains at an altitude of 300 ~ 2,200 meters, the highest elevation of the Phoenix pulse has five forks (level 2,194 meters), the lowest is Fuji Lake (an elevation of 296 meters); the more famous mountains are Phoenix Mountain (1,697 meters elevation) and Baishiya Mountain (1,171 meters elevation). Qilin Mountain (743 meters elevation), frozen top mountain (740 meters elevation); a relatively flat area is an alluvial area, from Xiufeng to the north to the Ruitian area, and a small area of ​​Qingshuigou river alluvial land, located in Lugu Township North end.
  4. geology
        The Lugu Township geological structure belongs to the part of the west wing of the Taiwan complex anticline. The eastern part of the geology is newer than the western part. The reason for its formation is caused by the Dongning orogeny movement. The geological conditions of this area include the following six types: the Late Miocene and the Three Gorges ( Ms), Pliocene, a water shale (PI), Pliocene, a Zhuolan layer (P2), Shangxinyi Pleistocene, Yishan Mountain (PQs), Quaternary Pleistocene, a ground accumulation layer (Q4) and Modern alluvium (Q6). The western rushing fault passes from northeast to west through the northwest and southeast of Lugu Township, namely the first village, Yonglong Village, Fenghuang Village, Neihu Village and Heya Village.
  5. Soil
        The soil of Lugu Township can be roughly divided into four types: alluvial soil, red soil, yellow soil and collapsed soil. The alluvial soil is distributed in the area of ​​Ruitian in the south half of the lake, the inner lake and the south bank of the Zhuoshui River. The terrain is relatively flat and the soil is fertile. It is the elite agricultural area of ​​Ruitian good quality rice. The red soil is distributed on the terraces of the Dashui Terrace and the Beishui River. The soil layer is different in depth and well-drained. It is an important area of ​​tea garden. The loess is distributed in the area around Pingding Daqiu Garden and the top of Fenghuang Village. The soil is not deep and the structure is unstable. As for the collapsed soil, it is distributed in mountains and hills. In other areas, the topsoil is susceptible to alluvial rain and the soil structure is unstable.
  6. Hydrology
        The main streams around Lugu Township include the northern end of the Zhuoshui River and the Jiji Town. The territory is dominated by Dongpu Naxi and Qingshuigou Stream. The former is from the southeastern end of Lugu Township to the north and north, and exits at the foot of the island. Including Beisixi, Zhonghuxi, Caizixi, and Chexixi; the latter originates from the foot of Kuiling in the east, flows to the northwest to Xiufeng, turns to the north side through Ruitian, and invades the turbid water stream in Ruitian. The tributaries include Xinhexi. Shuitailxi, Xiufengxi, etc., the total length of the river is about 60 kilometers. There are two famous water pools in the territory. One is the Qilintan in the south of the top of the top, and the other is the university pool in the Xitou Forest Recreation Area.
  7. animals and plants
        Lugu Township is rich in animals and plants. The animals are mostly black, followed by mammals. The natural forests cover four forest belts, including the hemlock/spruce belt, the Yulin belt and the Nantun forest belt. With evergreen broad-leaved forest belts. The activity and plant ecology of Lugu Township are described as follows:
  8. (1) Animals in Lugu Township include birds, mammals, fish and butterflies; there are abundant birds in the area, including a total of eighty-four species of scutellaria, five-color black, white-eared thrush, bamboo chicken, gray-faced pheasant, and white-headed genus; Taiwanese monkeys, hawthorns, Taiwan wild boars, sambars, etc. Others such as big tube nose bat, red belly squirrel, pangolin, white nose. Taiwanese voles, etc.; fish are more abundant, because the area is the upper reaches of the river; the water quality is clear, the main fish are squid, squid, goby, creek, moss, and grouper, and the most common species, such as bandits, Wu Guoyu, carp, crab, there are more than 20 kinds of fish; in the butterfly, there are common Swallowtail butterfly, broad-green phoenix butterfly, green butterfly, glazed Swallowtail butterfly, red-winged Swallowtail butterfly, fine butterfly, Red Admiral, there are twenty different butterflies.

(2) The hemlock/spruce forest belt in the Lugu Township of the plant is distributed at an elevation of 2,500~3,100 meters to the right, and is a coniferous forest; the Yulin belt is distributed at an altitude of 1,500-2,500 meters, which is a mountain evergreen broad-leaved forest, often forming Red oak forest or coniferous forest, Alishan full scorpion, plug twig, Taiwan alder or Hewan two-leaf pine forest; Nankun forest belt can be distributed at an altitude of 500~1,500 meters, is the mountain basement evergreen broadleaf Forests, including mites, are mainly composed of nanmu; the evergreen broad-leaved forest is distributed at an altitude of 500 meters below sea level, which is the most common mixed forest belt.